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Let us say you had one legit $20 and one really good photocopy of that same $20. If someone were to attempt to spend both the real bill and the imitation one, someone that took the trouble of looking at both of those bills' serial numbers would see that they had been the same number, and consequently one of them had to be fictitious.

This isn't a great analogy--we will explain in more detail below. .

Once a miner has confirmed 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are entitled to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and is an issue of controversy, as some miners believe the block size ought to be increased to accommodate more data.

Note that I stated that verifying 1 MB worth of transactions makes a miner qualified to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will receive paid off.

1MB of transactions can theoretically be as small as 1 transaction (though this is not in any way common) or several thousand. It depends on how much information the transactions take up.

In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to fulfill two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.

2) You must be the first miner to arrive at the perfect answer to some numeric problem. This practice is also known as a proof of work.

The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You might have heard that miners are solving difficult mathematical problems--that is not true at all. What they're actually doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash")  that is less than or equivalent to the hash.

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The bad news: Because it is guesswork, you need a good deal of computing power in order to get there first. To mine , you need to have a higher"hash speed," which is measured in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).

If you want to estimate how much Bitcoin you can mine with your mining rig's hash pace, the site Cryptocompare offers a very helpful calculator.

Either a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands.  Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--buy individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap way to cobble together mining operations.  The photograph below is a makeshift, home-made mining machine.  The graphics cards are such rectangular cubes with whirring circles.  Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the pictures cards into the metal pole.

ExampleI tell three friends I'm thinking about a number between 1 and 100, and that I write that number on a sheet of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't need to guess the exact number, they just have to be the very first person to guess any number that's less than or equal to the number I am thinking of.

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Let's say I'm thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they shed because 21>19. If Friend B guesses 16 and Friend C supposes 12, then they have both theoretically arrived at viable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There is no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the target answer of 19. .

In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers happen frequently, but in the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will decide by a simple majority--51 percent --which miner to honour. Typically, it is the miner who has done the most work, i.e.

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The losing block then becomes an"orphan block." .

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Now imagine I present the"figure what number I'm thinking of" question, however I am not asking just 3 friends, and I am not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Instead, I'm asking millions of prospective miners and I am thinking about a 64-digit hexadecimal number. click this link Now you see that it's going to be extremely difficult to guess the ideal answer.

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The number preceding has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand so far. As you likely noticed, his comment is here that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that

In order to understand what these letters are doing in the center of numbers, let's unpack the word"hexadecimal."

As you know, we use the"decimal" system, which means it is base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.

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